Hong Kong has been officially part of China since 1997 and relations have recently been exacerbated by tensions between the Chinese Communist Party and protesters in that city.  As already noted, Canada can indeed become a more instrumental part of China`s political development. But Ottawa`s reluctance to approve a broader trade or investment deal with the PRC remains a mystery. The most plausible explanation is that the „human rights effect“ has generally neutralized the federal government`s enthusiasm for reaching an agreement with Beijing. However, since 1990, Ottawa has negotiated several FIPs with a number of known human rights violations. For example, Freedom House has called Argentina, Armenia, Jordan, Lebanon, Russia and Egypt „partially free“ or „non-free“ political regimes. As a result, the human rights aspect seems to lack a degree of veracity. However, this does not matter for the main issue under consideration. Canada has also entered into agreements with countries that have moved totally or partially away from their authoritarian traditions. This is not to say that the efforts of Canada – or even those of the United States or the European Union – have been the ultimate harbinger of political reform, but the West`s desire to maintain a multilateral trading system largely dedicated to „free“ and open trade in goods and services has certainly had a positive impact on the overall level of freedom and democratization.
which has appeared since the fall of the Berlin Wall.