While Roosevelt extended federal power in many areas, Taft felt many of these actions as legal excesses. As a „confidence breaker,“ for example, Roosevelt distinguished between „good“ trusts and „bad“ trusts and used his increased powers as president to make that distinction unilaterally. He made a „gentlemen`s agreement“ with U.S. Steel and told them that the U.S. government would not attack their company as a monopoly because it believed that the company was working in the interests of the American people. Roosevelt, however, did not pass binding laws or decrees on the subject. Taft took a more legalistic view and later, as president, his attorney general refused to file a complaint against U.S. Steel. Roosevelt took Taft`s actions as a personal attack on the presidency and Roosevelt`s positions. Although Taft pursued many of Roosevelt`s policies, he was inclined to examine the facts of the situation and make a decision on the basis of evidence. Roosevelt, on the other hand, was more inclined to do what he considered „right.“ Their differences, which depended on the shadows of law and ethics, eventually led to the break-up within the Republican Party during the 1912 elections. 4.
In the case of U.S. Steel, whose actions have done more harm: Roosevelt by an informal agreement or taft by violating this agreement? Tell me. On the other hand, William Howard Taft, President of the United States from 1909-1913, embodied what many scholars call a „strictly architectural“ model of the presidency. In this approach, the President has no right to act unless the Constitution or Congress expressly grants special power. In Taft`s words, „the president cannot exercise a power that cannot be properly and reasonably attributed to a certain attribution of power, or that is rightly involved and included in this explicit agreement, which is appropriate and necessary for its exercise.“ Theodore Roosevelt, president of the United States from 1901-1909, embodied what many scholars typically call the „presidency of the administration.“ In Roosevelt`s words, „the president has a duty to do whatever the needs of the nation required, unless such action has been prohibited by the Constitution or by the law.“ According to Roosevelt`s expansionism, everything the president does is considered acceptable, unless the Constitution or the laws passed by Congress expressly prohibit it.