Which Of The Following Was Part Of The Agreement Known As The Compromise Of 1850

With the influential support of Senator Daniel Webster and the concerted unifying efforts of Senator Stephen A. Douglas, the five compromise measures were passed in September. These measures were accepted by moderates in all parts of the country, and the secession of the south was postponed for a decade. In fact, the political system seemed to be working, and many Americans welcomed the 1850 compromise with relief. President Fillmore called it a „final settlement,“ and the South certainly had nothing to complain about. He had obtained the kind of fugitive slave law he had long demanded, and although California came as a free state, he elected representatives of slavery. In addition, New Mexico and Utah issued slave codes that technically opened the territories to slavery. A filibuster is a political strategy in which a senator speaks for hours – or threatens to speak – to delay voting efforts in favor of a bill. The unusual tactic uses a U.S. Senate rule that once a senator is recognized on the ground, he or she can speak about an issue without . The ten-year delay in hostilities allowed the free economy of the northern states to industrialize further. The southern states, which were largely based on forced labor and cash crop production, lacked the capacity to industrialize considerably.

[59] By 1860, the northern states had added many more kilometres of railway, steel production, modern factories, and population to the benefits they enjoyed already in 1850. The North was better able to supply, equip and equip its forces, which would prove crucial in the final stages of the war. The general solution adopted by the compromise of 1850 was to transfer a significant part of the territory claimed by the State of Texas to the federal government; officially organize two new territories, the New Mexico Territory and the Utah Territory, which would be allowed to explicitly determine locally whether they would become slaves or free territories, to add another free state to the Union (California), to take a strict measure to recover slaves who had fled to a free state or territory (the Fugitive Slave Act); and abolish the slave trade in the District of Columbia. A key provision of each of the laws that organize the New Mexico Territory and the Utah Territory, respectively, was that slavery would be decided by a local option called popular sovereignty. It was a significant rejection of the idea behind the failure to ban slavery in an area acquired by Mexico. However, the inclusion of California as a free state meant that the Southerners abandoned their goal of a coastal belt of slave states. [48] The Independent Republic of Texas won the decisive Battle of San Jacinto (April 21, 1836) against Mexico and captured Mexican President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. .

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